22 Feb

Timeline of the Historical Development of TCM

The history of TCM can be summarized into a list of important Doctors and Books.

Unknown Period

1. 黄帝内经 (Yellow Emperor’s Inner Canon)
2. 素问
3. 灵枢

Warring States Period (5th century BC to 221 BC):

1. 足臂十一脉灸经 (Moxibustion Classic of the Eleven Channels of Legs and Arms)
2. 阴阳十一脉灸经 (Moxibustion Classic on the Eleven Yin and Yang Channels)

Han Dynasty (206 BC–AD 220) to Three Kingdoms Period (220 – 280 AD):

1. 针灸枕中经 (Classic of Moxibustion and Acupuncture Preserved in a Pillow), Author 华佗 (Hua Tuo).
2. 伤寒杂病论, which has since been split into two texts: 伤寒论 (Treatise on Cold Damage Disorders – focusing on febrile conditions attributed to “Cold”) , 金匱要略 (Essentials of the Golden Cabinet – focusing on “miscellaneous illnesses”), Author 张仲景 (Zhang Zjong Jing)

Jìn Dynasty (265 – 420):
1. 针灸甲乙经 (Systematic Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion), Author 皇甫谧 (Huang Fu Mi)

Tang Dynasty (618–907):

1. 备急千金要方(Emergency Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold), 千金翼方(Supplement to the Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold), Author 孙思邈 (Sun Si Miao)
2. 外台秘要 (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library), Author 王焘 (Wang Tao)

Song Dynasty (960 – 1279):

1. 铜人腧穴针灸图经 (Illustrated Manual of the Practice of Acupuncture and Moxibustion at the Transmission and other Acu-points, for use with the Bronze Figure), Author 王惟一 (Wang Wei Yi)

Yuan Dynasty (1271 to 1368):

1. 十四经发挥 (Exposition of the Fourteen Channels), Author 滑寿 (Hua Shou)

Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644) Golden age of Acupuncture and Moxibustion.

1. 针灸大全 (A Complete Collection of Acupuncture and Moxibustion), Author 徐凤 (Xu Feng)
2. 针灸聚英发挥 (An Exemplary Collection of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and their Essentials), Author 高武 (Gao Wu)
3. 针灸大成 (Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion), Author 杨继洲 (Yang Ji Zhou)
4. 本草冈目 (Compendium of Materia Medica), Author 李时珍 (Li Shi Zhen), the most complete and comprehensive pre-modern herbal book .
5. 温疫论, Author 吴有性 (Wu You Xing), 1642.

Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)

1. 医宗金鉴 (Golden Mirror of the Medical Tradition), Compiled by 吴谦 (Wu Quan), under imperial commission.
2. 针灸逢源 (The Source of Acupuncture and Moxibustion), Author 李学川 (Li Xue Chuan)
3. 温热论, Author 叶天士 (Ye Tian Shi).
4. 温病条辨 (Systematized Identification of Warm-factor disorders), Compiled by 吴鞠通 (Wu Ju Tong), in 1798.

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18 Feb

The History of Traditional Chinese Medicine, An Introduction

The history of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is long and rich, and TCM is the third oldest form of medicine compared to the Egyptian and Babylonian medicine. The fact that TCM has existed for thousands of years, and TCM is still being used today is a testimonial to its value as a form of healthcare.

The isolation of China by the world in directly limits the development of TCM in other parts world. However, with the opening of China in 1972, TCM has been spreading like wild fire to many Western and European countries. TCM’s practice has been shaped over time by the many factors such as culture, philosophy, politics, religion, and science and many much more …

Today, we have China as one united country, but this is only recently. Throughout history, China was made up of many states, many rulers, that were often at war with each other and they repeatedly united and divided. These states were ruled by dynasties and they were often living in feudalistic societies.

In the development of TCM over the years, there was no sequential build up of knowledge based on the previous dynasty’s contributions. How each individual practiced TCM was influenced largely by his teacher’s views. Even in today context, we will see these differences. For example, different TCM practitioners may prescribe a person with the same symptoms different herbal remedies, but each herbal remedy will cure the symptoms even though they have different ingredients. The success of the treatment is measured through the experience of the TCM practitioners, observation and how the patient feels.

TCM plays a very important role in today’s medicine. It is important to understand TCM through history and this will gives further insight to this ancient form of medicine and establishes its validity as a healthcare system.TCM plays a very important part in the history of medicine. Understanding TCM through a historical context gives an insight to this ancient form of medicine and establishes its validity as a healthcare system.

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14 Feb

鸭炖十全大补汤

【材料 A】
鲜鸭 – 1 只 (可将鸭的皮去除)

【材料 B】
党参 – 5 钱
白术 – 3 钱
茯苓 – 3 钱
全归片 – 5 钱
川芎 – 2 钱
白芍 – 3 钱
熟地 – 4 钱
炙甘草 – 3 钱
炙北芪 – 2 钱
桂皮 – 2 钱
黑枣 – 5 枚
枸杞子 – 3 钱
首乌 – 2 钱
桂枝 – 2 钱

【材料 C】
盐少许。

【做法】
1。 将材料 B 过水洗净后,放入锅内。
2。 加入3 – 4 公升的清水,开大火将水煮沸。水沸后,将火关小,然后将药材熬至45分钟。
3。 加入材料 A, 再熬至一个半钟。
4。 加入材料 C 后便可食用。

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10 Feb

党参

【拉丁文名】
Radix Codonnopsis

【别名】
防风党参、上党人参、防党参、黄参、上党参、狮头参、中灵草

【来源】
本品为桔梗科植物党参 Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. 、素花党参Codonopsis pilosula Nannf.var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen或川党参Codonopsistangshen Oliv.的干燥根。秋季采挖,洗净,晒干。

【生境分布】
1.生于山地灌木丛中及林缘。
2.生于海拔1500-3200m间的山地林下、林边及灌丛中。
3.生于海拔900-2300m的山地林边灌丛中,现大量栽培。
5.生于海拔2500-3500m的山地草坡多石砾处或沟边灌丛中。
6.生于海拔3000-3400m间的山地草坡、河滩多石或向阳干旱处。

【资源分布】
1.分布于东北、华北及陕西、宁夏、甘肃、青海、河南、四川、云南、西藏等地。
2.分布于山西中部、陕西南部、甘肃、青海、四川西北部。
3.分布于陕西、湖北、湖南、四川、贵州等地。
4.分布于四川、贵州、云南。
5.分布于四川西部、云南西北部。
6.分布于青海、四川、西藏等地。

【采收和储藏】
移栽后第2或第3年9-10月,将根挖出,洗净,晒4-6h,然后用绳捆起,揉搓使根充实,经反复3-4次处理后,即可扎成小捆,贮藏或进行加工。贮藏期间宜放于凉爽干澡处,避免虫蛀。

【性味与归经】
性甘,平。归脾、肺经。

【功能与主治】
补中益气,健脾益肺。用于脾肺虚弱,气短心悸,食少便溏,虚喘咳嗽,内热消渴。

【用法与用量】
9~30g。不宜与藜芦同用。

【采收和储藏】
移栽后第2或第3年9-10月,将根挖出,洗净,晒4-6h,然后用绳捆起,揉搓使根充实,经反复3-4次处理后,即可扎成小捆,贮藏或进行加工。贮藏期间宜放于凉爽干澡处,避免虫蛀。

下一节我们将与大家分享党参的常用处方。

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